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Ϸ꣩ߣsalash
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õ㣬ϣֵ̧һϽǵľ֮͡
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һڽΣʱ֪ȥˣֻһѷͿյij⣬͵߰˰֮ʰ߶ù⼣߰ߵľբѾöû˶죬ȴӭİݷߡһͣڳǰŴ򿪣һλĸŮǰаܲľĿ˿ܣѵʧٰ

ǣʧߵֻᆵͫͻȻһŵϵֻԮ

բű֨֨¸ᆵüͷǸ˲ĵط˰ڣԵĻȥƮĻҳûȾբȫ𣬾ݵ̽˽ȥһ̣ͱǰһĻˡ

ǰǣǰʧٰǸŮѧƬڿöˣôǰһУһ

ʲô˵ߣպϵһʽ
˶񣬰˵Ȼ󣬲ţɳɳ

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ǰ

ijӰѧԺſڡ

һķܳͣŴ򿪣һ˫ʮָߵĸ߸ЬڵϣȻϸȲߣȿ㡢ľࡣ
ǧǧѧѧеһǣȴʹִƵƤа˵ġҲһ㣬ҹѾdz£ģȫµơŰ˵İijŷһǣ룬ˣһŵǮôȿǮ򿪡ûб׵ˡ

ڵȹѧãǵĿֳִģ̣һζٵIJټˣߣһɵññСɺÿıӣͦ˵˫壬ֺ߹

һĴˣͳĺóƾԺͷȥȻʱݡ峵ЦЦǶԼֻǹĹĵǮԶˢ´│

æŻѧУҡһӲīеɳƣԸɺá

ԹˣϻпΣհɡЦЦϵıͽָ
ʫٰǴһֻ˵ϧˣҪǸոѾ֮ǰǸʹսٻغϣҽ첻㡣

Щѧ֪϶Щ޹ؽҪѡ޿ȥԸҹ£

ǡⱳ룬˳Լǰ͹̵IJӰ˼Ҫȥ̩ˡǼ̩Աм鱦Уܾûȥˡ
ɽ

ڱʱݵĺĸƤΣޱȳ졣
ЩƵѧðɣԼŽ֪ôղǸһϢ°ɣĴ˸Ƿ֪۾



ͷΡ

˻ͷѵ˫ۡ䣬˫ôˣָʶԼȻӣ˫֣ʲôڱʹҡ壬ȴһڵϡ

ʹһЩעʼ漴Լ˫ֱһڱһ̶̵ŲϵĽȦԼ˫ֻܸ߸ߵĵں档棬һƤĶֿס壬оЩͣ˶

ĺȣȴֻܷصһſ죬ƤһһεİԺ

٣Ϸ

dzǸ˵ʶ˳ȥһСС

ӸпʼǸ˵ţӸСҲز쿪ʼԼһǾdzǡЩ꣬ͦεز̵βŶϸ˫Ϊ˲ٳƱĻӻĸÿǣİáô죬һεһ壬ҲܸȤ

ǸɳɳЦЦһΪֵĴ塣

һõijƱϲĶƱ棬΢͵ңһСʱͻᱬ󣬵ǣʱų綾ɳֶӦò̫ϲζ

Źڵϣʹҡͷ漴ⲻ¼

ÿ˴˺ܶţһԼ档Լ壬츳𡣡ЦЦһ°ɣҰĶʹй¶õֹͣըķʵǽʪȥĵطеʱļɵ·塣ôʪأƺ˵˰ɡһ㣬оŶ

¼ɳɳ漴ǵһ¼ֹͣˣһļžƺžеεδĶ

Լ壿Ūʪ

¿ȥǾƱ¶һ֣DZƤסˣƤһǰһϣͷţγһѲĶֿ㡣Ťţڱ˫ֱ߸ߵĵţȫûа취档صĽţͽ͵Ť˫ȣǾƱִһεIJʱӵεδԽԽ죬֮ǰ¼һСʱԼ
ĴdzһӺ¼ʲôûС
ӡ鼱֮£ӱԵĦԼвλһҪˮڳƣͣŤšߵڱ˫ּѵάƽ⡣صδƺˡ

һСʱ

һ죬ʲô˵ϡһתϳԵıʱݣУһڲŵֻӳ˳

Ϸ



һʢĹֱУѧУںܶĿ˶ԱǼŮˮĿùھУŮӻӾУĿʱ׼ĺӾŮ˶Աˮ棬һⶼʮĶޢ䣬ľԽܹѡӾӣòҲٶ毺ãˮ۵ļڳˮӳ£ӰˡϧǷѵȻ֪Ҫöٿˮˡ

ǽˣԱѸźöΣֻʥСһ㣬Сظͦţ׵ӾҲ޷ηõ

ٹһ£ǽѡζԱʱˣֻмϣѵӳõ״̬ĶԱҲ˵ˣȻͻСǴСѵҲ֪ѡǹغδ£ҲṫƽۡˣɢԷ

ûע⵽һߵᶨһֱŶǰǸŮӡ

ϴξǰܸһҪҿ϶ܹ߷ߵţһ߬ȭͷ֮ǰѾѡһҪɹ

ºһϴꡣϴš

治ǴţƣһǺһŮѧһſˮϲĽĴս

ʲôһУĻӾŮһŸΣͣһͷС졣

˭ŰǿȫǵŮ񰡡֮Աǡ

Ų㣬ҵģ˲ţˣǧȷΪ˸һĦײһͷȡ

Сִţȫûע⵽һʱݴԱ߿



٣Ϸ

һɳɳѡ

ȴȫ޷ˮһѵǹѹ

ȣϲͨ˽ѡΣǵĶѳ۵£
˵˹˹ƣ㵱ȻԭΪˣ㻹Լ塣

ôȱϯҪˡǸ˶٣أš

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ⲻΣĺˮͱ׾ˡԼȻˮֻͷ¶棬ľǰͷһ΢¼

Ŷ˶ȫûа취֡һӼͷ˫۽ţյһӺ󾱵󱻸ߵڱȫܶ׼廨󣬶ӱˮ͸ӲֽһסС죬ƤϵԺ

˻˻ðľȦһǰһǵӴԼĿ£ʹ壬еIJλᣬһĸоۿԼͷԽԽȥʶĻ˫ȣϥDZӰһһصľֽԼĽףмֻУֵһ棬¼˵ĸء˫ȲܴȷֻֿõӾǰİڶһ㸡µҲǰĦ壬оû

ȦԽԽ廨òӴǰڶķȣ彥ʪȫȣ߳ҪˣˮҲˡҧ򣬴ţֻǻΪصڵĺˮС

֪˶ʱ򣬾ȦѾȫн˫ȣҪһȦĸͷò߸𣬲ܱ¶ˮ档ϵԽԽء
ֲסˡ롣

ͻȻһƹǰƣ

ȾңҴˣţ죬ˮ˽ȥɺ

˸ţԽԽģһͷ⻮ߣϨںˮС
ĺһ

Ϸ

ͨ

һشĴѧΪУȽƫƧǷٻûѧʱڣոµûʲôˣֻһѧš̫ɽˣѧҲɢˡ

ųȴʱļҲ뿪ˡĺɫ¿յģֻIJݵż紵ľ飬ˣϵҲѡĺʪIJϰ

ժ۾ԼţȻЩ΢΢IJ
ǴӣƤһóʱ򶣵죬ڿĵIJٳ˺Զ

СգһԸߣԴСʱٱ׽Ϸϲ˽Ȼڼҵʱ򣬾û˵ʱԼ˴ѧΪĹϵûݱѹֵԽǿң˲ٳ

۵ļҵǰУġŻûѧҪúһ¡

ףе˷ܵĴһ£⴩һ׳ĺɫ£ѧʱģСϰٵԶȳ˺á
Ҳڴѧij£زһ¶ڸǡ

ѵЬӣڲٳԵߣ˿˿ġСѾʪˣԲЬӡ

ȰСɵĽĴֺöһȻмᡣ㹭γɺÿĻΡȻǽףƶȦٰ֮мսһ֡ϥҲ編ơ

ҪҪأ뵽ͽסһ£ҧҧһݣ˼Ȧٴǰ洩ܹǣȻСѨѾԤȶһ̴ֵĺܲӴƨɺϣӡ룬ְһ˫⣬Ȼӽڽϡ£ֻҪһ֣˫ȾͻȻ󣬴ҧ촽ķſ֡ͻȻĴһһǿҵĴ̼ʹɵýгһûȰס졣

Σǿſзɿҳæҧס۽Ƥڿˡ

һȥˣ˻񣬰Ѽ˿ɢҵijԺ󡣽ֵҪIJ֣ˡһСŵƤȦųΪŮūȻһشŵߴӺϵסȦһߣϵס׵ӡ
Կףԥһ£ںݺģ͵һӣԿӵ˲ٳԶյIJݵϡһ˫ֱסֻ취ԽܽܵҵݵϵԿˡ

űԽԽһסûлͷ·ˡ
ڣһ˫ַڱ

Ǻܸ˷ܶѾ˶壬ټӵѶȣͷԷľͷҵߴĽӿڣһᣬ˫ֱߵӽȦһߵĹҲ˫Ҳߣơ

ڵϷţĿУ˲͵˸߳ԽԽܹѣϵӺǽ뵽ֽʧȥɣҲ˰ڲţͻһڵء

˺һᣬڻ˹ҹʹһ顣ڿʼ취ʰоˡڵϣĻһݵؿȥʮףȴһ䶯ţ˫ÿһþ̼е񾭡˰죬ǰ˼ףŤŤȥһֵĸ߳

ˡ̵IJٳͻᷢҹɫһӰڼѵ䶯ţ˫ֱߵڱ˫Ҳһ𣬷ӽβλãţŤβΪҵ˶ʹ̼ҵţһʹѹţڷС

ʮסס

Ѿͷʹ˫ҲյۣõزεĦѾͷѪһٱ񾭡

ڣҵˣС챻ţֻܰԿһݴԣȻ෭øߵ˫ſʱòͣ£
ڴ߶µĽ⿪̱ڲݵ

ٳ⣬ѧУһǽ֮һƬߵСΪ߰ļ۸ûжסںںĸ¥ijһ㣬һԶɫķ⡣

湻ġ

һɳɳţ

ϷҪʼˡ



ӵĻҡõƬһһлţܺɫϣȻж˫ֱڱҲ˶˵һ㣬ⰸᆵеΣһ¡

Ͼǰij⣬ӵµһʧٱҲͬһѧŮѧĿǰյܿͬһΪרԮʱرжС飬һҪץסļһ¼ʣ⣬ƺǸɳɳڶ





٣Ϸ



ͷģСŬţͼ

DZס

ԴڲٳԸ֮󣬺һӣͬѧҲУˣֻðԼԸǣס龰ȴdzг֡

βͬˣⲻΡ

Լһ˿ҵģݺύĺܶӣൽҪϸһ²ͷ

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һӴӾ£ƹҸ£Ȼһ˫⣬ϵСۣᣬһ˲ӵ׺γ˼޵ĺֹ

ԼΪûа취ԼɣѾ˺öΡζ壬˫ǹ̶ڱһһֵǣӵİ£ûôˣƺӷһ״İȫС
ܰɣİûءǸղǸһ
˳ȥԭһ¼

е̰ͼǮƣе˾ȨǸöأ֧㡢㡣Ǹ˵ţ㣬仰˵ѾΪūˡţϷɡ·ȥҪʾŶˣⶰ¥ҪƲʱûȥͿ컯ˡףˡ

Ȼֹ¼ŵͷˡŷǰһţԱɫ֡ڡ

ǰȥͻȻһʹŷԼһβë¥Ϻܶˮdz̽ţֻõŽż߽ʾšһļͷͷָһªˮ¥ݡ¥ֻ޵һ룬һšǻûĵ쾮ˡ

һѶ̾⣡

ǰһ̾¥һڵľͷ쾮ķҡšϷһһ¥̨ףȴֲߣֻ̾ͷһʲô취ߵijʹԽȥȻһڽ䡣

ԭȥýӣǸֽͨӣýƿһ˫͸ĸ߸Ͼ档ϸϸЬʮ幫ָߡ
ѵҴ˫һĸ߸Ьҧҧ
ֱ㹭Ƚȥ߸Ь߸ߵЬýżŵأխխЬҡҡλεòʧȥƽ⡣ο˫˫̶ֻڱ󣬸Կƣ˵DZ̬⿩ţѵһһ̨ףԱ߾Ǵֱ쾮ȥʮ¥ߣĴţ١׳ŵӣϸϸĸ߸ϣҡҡλεıȥͼ˫ȥúֹʹ˫⼸һ𣬸ߵ˫Ҳˣܹ̾⡣

˾Ӿͺðˣĥź󾱵ӣڣһɣӶˣ˫ˡ̱ڵϣḧŽӲϵֱۣ۴Ŀġ

Ϣ˺һᣬֱָ֪ΪڻԺǽģû취ϣ׼ȾԼϵ£ʱſϵ֡ȷ

ȷԼݺύᣬɵüн˫ȣҲ

ʲôأӦ˿ϵ£Լ˸ǿɣڹ˲Ͻ⿪ˣҳ·ɡǣг·ء

Ѷ̾ⷴһҲһС֡ū֮š

ţ

϶һǰһ£Ȼһݾ۵ĵطһֻխľԽͨһ䡣ҲеȷԾ֣ôȥϸʱһӸպôŵп߶ȴŵ

ѵҡǰһЩ̳淨Ѵߣ˴֮䴩ߵʱĦƿ̡
ϸӹȻÿһξһᡣխխľûԱ߹ֵļһǺݰһ䣬̬ļһе档
ߣҿûôŵ˹ɾѸӷֳΣѸ߸ϴЬ׵һʣӲϽףڽ״ϵҲǰϸЬˡȶԴߡ˸߸ЬʱͲ̫塣ΪԼĻе⡣

СĵİһӣΡΡľ塣յúܽѵѾ˸߸ļӳɣֺݺʺһڰ˱ﻢ£ֻ߹ȥʱҺûи£Ҳ΢һ¡ÿһᣬ󺹣һһĸоʹӷı

һζ̶̵ľ˰ӣʱѾӽˡɫѾվһҪȥ˰죬ŷţֻһյĴ档

ʲôִһִֵĸ£ֱֱ쵽Զ¥µĵ档һֽţ=д֡ͨɡ

õֽ壬ֽĶе㷢㶣һƤƤͨŸӸȥ˿棬ʮ¥ߣѾߵһˣƴˡץסƤҪȥʱǼ߽ߡͨɡ

ѵҪԼסԼĿǰʾеģҲƤܱ֤ڸ߿ջʱѰɡ룬Լ˫˽ȥȻӵ̾⣬ץסƤϵ۾ҧڻֱֱȥ

˫̱ڶߺ졣߾ٵ˫ʹ˫£ҲݽȥţѾɤۡ

صһ죬ײһĶϣһķϴ档ȻƤܿ񵶸һʹҧڻѿӾǣԼû½ľͷȻ׵ĵطԼ߸ߵ档



⿪ʼأһβ¥⡣ƽʱ̵ĵطȻӭеֳƲŸרҽʵؿ⣬Ϊȫеĵһζ㱬׼ΪǵһΣҲӹ̣ܶҲѵõĸɷãϣĵһЩмֵĻ档

ûд򿪵Ĵڶˣ֨֨¸´̶Ϊռõλãȷӵ룬ռλá

˶ǰһĻˡ

ֻ߸ߵĸµһŤŮ壬壬ֻнӣţ鷿һֱϰ͸ĸ߸ϣҧŽڻ˫ָߵţڿлζš

ǷӦ죬žž𡣺ܶ˴棬ȴСЩ󸹱רѧ⣬۾ͬҰһĹ⡣

棬רУ˭Ҳûע⵽һλ΢ǣ³֣

ͨء



⼸ʵذ

̧̧۾ͼ巽ǰĽֵֻܿɵһƬ峿ɫûȫܼȸǴۿۣʱ̫磬ֵϼûʲôֻһŻɫij֡ʧںӾ

˸Ƿ۾Ҳʪһ㡣ҲԼƵľ˵˰ɣӰൽҹ㣬Ҫ絽˾׼ƷᡣʶԼװȹ˿£Լòڹ˾ǰéģҲĹһ൱˵ġ뵽ɵõͷ˿ǰĿӱеʵĻӳһ
ͻɫת

أһ죬˼˻ʶIJɲ

ɲ쳹յĽֵ˵Ĵ̶İɫµת˸ʮȣͣ·롣

ǡһ۾Ϳ·ĶһˡһɫҺʣǺɫڻɫĴϣ˵ޡ

ˡײˡԴ˲һƬհס

žһƬžֻԼˡ

û˿û˿ײˣ

һͷǿҵӿŷ̵ֿʼĶ

ԣڣ

죡Ȼˡ

ս˷̣ȫǺˮ

𣬷˼ѳͷ·ףʮףֱӾһʧ

һƵ棬ƽһ룬ֿʼ

һ

УĺһʱݣšĽŤͷȥǣǸƺڿ˵ڹ۲
ѵˣͷ׹һ㡣ͷһѪ군ˡ
ûУˣ漴Ҳ֮С

һѳͣϸIJɾͷѪʱ侲Ѹ٣ԼԼ



Ʒ᳡

һɫְҵװŲȰɫ߸Ьɫ˿סijȡ¶ְҵ΢Ц̧⡣ɣdzϵĽ㡣

ٶIJɵĺijλҪ֣룬һжѾָԭ˰ɡ



ſڡ

ɫijͣܶææµµĴӳϰºܶӣƺ֮ġװ³

ᆵٺ˾͵⣬ˣ׶ר顣
ãҽĸˣ͵һλʿ֣ԼöԷЩ䵭

оõ֤ʵԷûд硣Լ˾ȳָͷһһ䲻ܴŵӡһؾһСʱ󿪻ᡣ

ȻǾ;ֱȥ

Сʲô

Լ˾мı飬ֳЩ˴ǿǣҲ̫˰ɡ

Сʱ˾ǵıӰһ羴ǼʶذǸͷĴŽе񣬾гưǸŮºãҽѧѧ˫ϲʿ귨ҽǸСӣĸרң˵ɢھΪ̫ڱ˲ű۵ġ淢ˣǵһҪ󣬶Ҫϡ

￴ǵıӰصĺһ

һСʱ󡣻ҡ

Ŀ꼯Ůԣܺ߶ͬһѧѧҪһԵסɨؾӣĿͣϡ

˵緢ܺߵġζ´΢΢˵ͷ

ôϣμסǸС¼



٣Ϸ

еͷΣԼڻ𣿻Σ

ҲƷϺ̫ľưɡǰһ췢һУײ˵ƺѾԶԶˡ

һϷƷɳ֪ûСǸɳƵʵǣıƺϲءȫָǣǰһС¼Լ㵵ķ֣ԼȻȫˡ

˫ֱһһм䴩߸ߵ棬һͨڵϣ˵˷ֱһסĽסʹ˫űķֿ޷̧һҺõĵƿǰԼ򿪵壬ƺûдڿ㣬ͱʲôţζԼڿ㣬һεķ档ȫκ
Ťȫ޷ѷֺȴһʹֻһӴӴڲɫѪڵأεδ

ǰĵƿװſѪأĴڲиѪܣ
ǸײѪľҲϣ㣬ѵõľŶˣʱȵ绰˴򣬡Ǹƺָϣܹһָע⵽Լ˫ĴָһĴָţһһλ

ƣ򿪣ˣ룬ԣ˳һ˫ԤףѪǰػɣʱ㲦绰ٶһܶࡣžһ¼ֹͣˡֻʣµδδѪ
סĴָ˫ַţǸλʮΣȻһλٲʮΡٽһλûп

ȫָоԽԽľϽʧȥδδȴֹͣ

һֹڰһڴ⡣

ɡǣȡϷ

߸

ҽԺػشůůڽ׵ĴϣϣһŮ۾ȴľͷƵãһҲ⣬ע档Ůʧٰר顣

Dz˵

棬ȴתΨһŮʧֻٰҴߴϷãⷽרңô˵ûȶǿ¼ȡڹֻʵ䷴ÿ棬һ˿ǵȼɡ
ҵǹɵȲˣңʮӱ֤ʲô˵ı𣬾ҪŶ롣

£ס

ߣҸϴ죬ֻܵһۣ׷׵һȭǽϣŪǽϷ۳

ӳô졣ѯϴ

ϲƸװãϲȵܺˣڵһڰʹõijƱҲܼ۲ơЩӦǸиѧǮˡӦʮϡ˴ֳûָƣǸļһ°ͣضɲնDZ׼ôˣ

صᆵѾױŮѧרѧУܱߣӴصǰԸģڿóϡҾᆵٺ񲻴ԸⰡߣԼ⣬е㲻Ŀ˿ãңҲӦÿǵ⡣ǡֳ֤ﻯôˣ

ûʲôͻơǸʱƵСװе˼ѱרһ¡Եһõƨɣȥɡǡû˵ͷ߳ҽԺ

ҡ

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ϵķеడѵܺ˾˸߳

ſˣǾֳδһˡ

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ҲȥֳεĿ˿ȣеıרңѧĻʿкüרءҲưҲãҽ¡ǸͨˣܵͳкøС

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װãðǸƱʱըôȤЦˣǶ˻ΣָԼ˵ǺĶ
ǺǣûסЦǸȤˡ

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Ӳڽ棬ٲڽϣѲܺ˵ϷѶȡ˵ѷĽ

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飬ȴϡɷ˵İ˫߸Ҳˣ㴩ϣҸ

е㲻˼Ƕ׷ռϷ硣ԼСţѽżȥ

ˮ߸еСżⱻýأЬҪߣòֱСȣ߸Ьܲϰߣǽżŵأվվ

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ûӦͱͣԼСŴûôڲоһҲе㷢

һֻԼ°һֻţһָֻ

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Ľźͽϵӣ˼˵ܺԼסԼġ
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ᆵ߳һҿĻһܣȻƺĵѧУȥ

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ˣһʶ£ǸƺͻеרңΪļ֧֣ᆵֽ⡣

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Ǿͽˡ˼ͿСýְҵǼźŷdz£뿪λͨ
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һּϿסIJӣּϵһסԼֻ֣һСǰ棬ʹøּ޷ֿźŷѾˣãԼ˫߸Ь߸ЬϻһûϵѺܿλá

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˵ѡĿǸľõƬһһĻĻķӳšʦ뿪ǵıͷ졣
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ͻȻ죬ľ屻ˡͻȻڱϣϵպһҵĿԣͼ⿪˫һҲ編ƣŷʽֱû˰æDzӵĸ߶ȵġ

ͷȥһԿ׹棬ҪȥͻȻһ£תͷʵ

ʵشң˵Dzɱġ

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ɲҪۿҪֲסˣϽͼȥͷԿףţֵĸ߸Ь˽˫ֱϹ̶ڲǰ棬Ǻѷ˺üΣûгɹ

Ⱦҡȿȡ棬ѾԽԽѾֻȫֱż⣬ǿ档

ˡҧסԿסԿ׶һ˵ϡѵĹڵϣôϵ˫ּԿס

תȥŷڣԷѾûһ˿Ϣ

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ʦԭ㣡ƿŵһ̣̲סڼе˫Ҳ߬ˡ벻Ҳн죡

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˭ҳȥҿǺڵ˵ġķ̽˵
٣ϷǸֳˣһ¼ŵĻشת

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ͻȻһ𣬵ðʦҲһΣͷĵʹʹŤϽҧסִߣƴǰţҽڣʱˣDzʱҵķҪʼҧߣˮҲƲס

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ģµƵѾ䤱ȻѾʼ͸֧ˣۿҿʼٽǻ𻨲ʱĽÿһΣȫӲֱIJš

һ󽹺ζðֹͣ˾Ρ۾תͷȥֻθ﷭ڵܣԺҲһƬհסȻӲķȵ廹ŹƣŻһҧһš

ѡ

ܲһ䷿˸ţԱҲŶ󣬽ŵĸ˾ְר鳤ڸҿᡣ

ּһ̬ģӣͰߣԣܾܿƵĸ߼Խ˸ź⣬⣬ҵֱңԽϤˣԽΣա棬ᆵٸղŷźţʾ뿪ĿˡһԱƿš

ûзźţ

ʱûСи٣ǣУӹ켣˻֣ʾ뿪
ȵȣһ£ס˾Աó绰ֻͨ

ʮӹȥˣƤ͵һӣ˸ߣһ֪ͨжСס̣



нһϡ󿨳æµţóˮӺľͷ洦ɼһʱڹ̣DzŸʡĵطѵõϢʱ̡

һŰȫ߽Ŷʱ˴ҵעһ˵ﲢ˽ĵط

˭Ұľϣһ죲һǣżɽ˵ļǮ൱ջ

񣬷׷״չȥʱΧˮйֻͨнһںݵԥһ£ѾҼ档

ÿǣָŽĺݺӣ㣬ߡ
֪Ϊʲôôϳ򿪳šܳĽȥɵҡҡͷ

ºݺڰǿ¼Σƣꡣƽ˵ţڻҳ

ô֪ҡʲôݺĿ

ţһЦЦһťźӾǸĵȥֲһ䣬һϲģҪϷõĵ



١Ϸģ˭˵ݺѹԼһͷķշ棬ںܸߣȥ涼ǼӲʪˮǽֻһиţ˿Ǹֻɵͷ𣬡ҲѵģүȥүǽӵģijΪǿ鷸ʧܣǸ˵ţͷϴڵŵһС¼㶼DZͬһŮץģǸŮʲôӣѾģ˰ɡôϣϷŮݺȷǵһŮͷץҲԼڼǿģεģ٣ѾеģˡţͻȻһ죬ͷĴڻһ£һ鶫ͬʱһУǸŮ˵

һӣϣȻһŮˡȻеӣҲˤIJᣬҪȴʧȥƽ⣬һˤ

ݺŷ֣¶Ķɫȹһľּϣʮֳһ˰˫һ𡣶£ҲһʮֳĽס˽ףϻһ˫ߵĸ߸Ьѹվվ
㣡Ǹӣݺָ˵ܲ٣ܲپ͵ץǸŮ٣

߽һʱһŲȿգͱӣ˫ڼȫûа취ֻˤڵϡµǣݺɫļϾ׹ѣǸǿ鷸

滷ӣˮǽΨһĴҲǺڶģǣԼ˫ֱּڲǰ治ܶ˫ҲסֻܺСȵķֿԷȴֽɵģĿƵĿԼǿһֻ׵ĸ

Ǿ졣Ť壬ĵվҪ취ȥðһ취ҵ˶ݺĦȭƣ˲ߵĿˮȥ

Ϯڼ˫ţͼѡݺ⧲ıϰջһĿӡ

裡˿ڴѪĭݾ͵һųŮ߹ȥ
ҪƽʱٳĶ̫СˣҪưѣȴ˽ijȣһģӻǽʵʵİһš
ʹӣʶҪ¶ӣȴԾһ
ݺѾ̲סˣһŮ˹һæѿӣ˫Žȥﱻѹ£ͷͻȻסһҧס˫ȣһ߹ȥ

ݺһֱ֣߿üԶ۵ð죬վ
˶ţʱ˽֡

ݺ룬ѧˣʼŮܣæתҪ˫Ŵų߸ϸ߸Ьʵж㣬߸Ьϻϵ˽װּϵû⿪ġ

ܿ죬ͱݺתʱѵһȥ˫ִӺץס鷿꣬ǰ棬Լ鷿Ҫ˫ֱסֻνŤӣȴҲѲ
Ҫʱһ춯ȻҵĽŲӲȥؾӣڸϵˣСӵؾ΢壬ȫװ߳嵽˲ǰ档漴ҲǰһĻˡ

Ůڱݺݺѹǽߣ˫ֱּǰ棬еһȹѾ˺ãʵ˫˳DzҲ̶ã׵ĴȺ͸̵βȫ¶ţŸ߸Ь˫űһ𣬼ѵŤš
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Ƿб֧ԮԱǹд˴ֻⷿڷһĻ

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